Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo-ended war between US and Mexico and California was ceded to US. Partially repealed in 1863
“An Act for the Government and Protection of Indians” provided for indenturing of vagrant Indians; became authorization for slave raiders.
Treaties-Redick McKee, representing U.S. Federal Government, made a proposed Treaty with Pomo Tribes, one of 18 treaties reserving certain lands for Tribes, if Tribes relinquished the rest of lands in California: in 1852 public pressure from California led to treaties being rejected by Senate
Land Claims Act-all lands in California not claimed within 2 years of the Act to pass into Public domain. Native Americans were not made aware of the need to present their claims; they generally believed the proposed treaty had secured their land.
Homeless, Landless Indian Act-Following a census of Native American people in California, funds were provided to buy rancherias where needed
Act authorizing the California Attorney General to bring suit against the US-gave Native Americans free legal service for land claims
Wheeler Howard or Indian Reorganization Act (IRA)-created to encourage tribes to organize themselves, make constitutions
Johnson-O’Malley Act-gave Secretary of Interior the ability to contract with states to arrange medical attention, distress relief, and social welfare for Native Americans
Court of Claims awarded $150 to each Native American in CA for losses from failure to ratify treaties of 1851
Rancheria Act (Termination) Rancheria lands were distributed to individual Native Americans and infrastructure promised(roads, water systems, sanitation.)
Tillie Hardwick v. US-Class action case disputing Termination, resulted in Federal recognition of Pinoleville Tribe, restoration of original rancheria boundaries, creating Pinoleville Indian Reservation
IRA Technical Amendment-recognizes tribes’ rights to adopt governing documents by own processes