Indian Affairs Timeline

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1848     Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo-ended war between US
             and Mexico and California was ceded to US

 

 

 1850    "An Act for the Government and Protection of Indians"
             provided for indenturing of vagrant Indians; became
             authorization for slave raiders. Partially repealed in 1863

 

 1851     Treaties-Redick McKee, representing U.S. Federal
              Government, made a proposed Treaty with Pomo Tribes,
              one of 18 treaties reserving certain lands for Tribes, if
              Tribes relinquished the rest of lands in California: in 1852
              public pressure from California led to treaties being rejected
              by Senate, Action Held in secrecy until 1905

 

 

 

 1851     Land Claims Act-all lands in California not claimed within 2
              years of the Act to pass into Public domain. Native
              Americans were not made aware of the need to present
              their claims; they generally believed the proposed treaty
              had secured their land.

 

 

 1858     Round Valley Reservation established

 

 

 

 

 

 1905     Homeless, Landless Indian Act-Following a census of Native American people in California, funds were provided to buy rancherias where needed

 

 

 1924      Indian Citizenship Act

 

 

 

 

 

 

 1927     Act authorizing the California Attorney General to bring suit
              against the US-gave Native Americans free legal service for
              land claims

 

 

 1932     Mendocino County School Board allows Native American
              children in public schools

 

 

1934     Wheeler Howard or Indian Reorganization

Act (IRA)-created to encourage tribes to organize
             themselves, make constitutions

 

 1934    Johnson-O'Malley Act-gave Secretary of Interior ability to
             contract with states to arrange medical attention. Distress
             relief, and social welfare for Native Americans

 

 

 1944    Court of Claims awarded $150 to each Native American in
             CA for losses from failure to ratify treaties of 1851

 

 1958    Rancheria Act (Termination) Rancheria lands were
             distributed to individual Native Americans and infrastructure
             promised(roads, water systems, sanitation.)

 

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 1965    Voting Rights Act of 1965-guaranteed Native Americans right to vote

 

 1966    Pinoleville Rancheria Terminated

 

 

 

 

 1967    California Indian Legal Service established to help with land claims

 

 1983    Tillie Hardwick v. US-Class action case disputing Termination, resulted in Federal recognition of Pinoleville Tribe, restoration of original rancheria boundaries, creating Pinoleville Indian Reservation

 

 

 1993    Native American Free Exercise of Religion Act

 

 2003    BIA Reorganization of Pinoleville Pomo Nation

 

 2004    IRA Technical Amendment-recognizes tribes' rights to adopt governing documents by own processes

 

 

 

 

 2005    On 6/26/2005, Pinoleville Pomo Nation adopts Constitution

 

 2006    Pinoleville Pomo Nation Becomes a Self-Governance Tribe

 

 

 

 

Pinoleville Pomo Nation

500 B Pinoleville Drive

Ukiah, CA 95482

E:  webmaster@pinoleville-nsn.gov

T:  (707) 463-1454

F:  (707) 463-6601

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